Elective Courses

The four electives must be drawn from at least two of the three following lists (also see note on Negotiable Electives.)

Physical World

  • BIOL 340 – Conservation

  • CHEM 102 – Introduction to Chemistry of the Environment

  • CHEM 260 – Mile High Chemistry: Environmental Chemistry Field Experience

  • CHEM 290 – Environmental Chemistry Field Experience: Mile High Chemistry
  • CHEM 312 – Advanced Environmental Chemistry

  • EVST 205 – Great Environmental Disasters
  • EVST 220 – Physical Geography

  • EVST 230 – Biodiversity

  • EVST 250/350/450 – Environmental Design Studio I/II/III
  • EVST 283 – Mapping Animals

  • EVST 290 – Environmental Geology

  • EVST 305 – Ecology for Environmental Scientists
  • EVST 351, 451 – Panamapping: GIS in the Jungle
  • EVST 375 – Tropical Rainforest: The Amazon, The Andes and The Inca
  • EVST 391 – Environmental Hydrology
  • EVST 392 – Oceanography
  • EVST 430 – Advanced Geology Seminar
  • PHYS 360 – Topics in Physics and Astronomy*

Culture and Communities

  • ENGL 261 – Cultures and Communities
  • ENGL 334 – Representing the Holocaust

  • HIST 251 – Mapping African-American History

  • HIST 327 – Modern African-American History

  • HIST 376 – California Indian Seminar

  • MUS 347 – History of Opera

  • POLI 227 – Political Geography
  • REL 125 – World Religions*

  • REL 206 – The 'Other' Jesus

  • REL 252 – African-American Religion and Spirituality

  • REL 308 – Christian Scriptures

  • REST 330 – Race in the City

  • SOAN 305 – Mapping People Mapping Place

Methods and Representations

  • ART 132 – 2D Design

  • ART 145 – Introduction to Sculpture
  • ART 252 – Introduction to Graphic Design

  • BUS 333 – Labor and Global Economy
  • BUS 351 – GIS and Spatial Analysis for Organizations
  • GIS 411 – Fundamentals of Geographic Information, Research, and Applications
  • GIS 467 – Introduction to Programming for GIS
  • MATH 111 – Elementary Statistics with Applications
  • MATH 221 – Calculus III

  • MATH 222 – Calculus IV, Vector Calculus

  • MATH 231 – Introduction to Modeling*

  • MATH 241 – Linear Algebra*

  • MATH 251 – College Geometry

  • PHYS 232 – General Physics II

  • PHYS 332 – Electricity and Magnetism

  • POLI 202 – Statistical Analysis and Mapping of Social Science Data
  • SPA 230 – Field Methods in GIS
  • SPA 240 – Applied GIS
  • SPA 260 – Topics in Spatial Thinking and GIS
  • SPA 360 – Advanced Topics in Spatial Thinking and GIS
  • SPA 425 – Remote Sensing Image Analysis

*assuming spatial content

Negotiable Electives

Appropriate additional courses from a variety of depart-ments may be counted toward the SPA minor. To be eligible, a course must include significant attention to spatial studies in an explicit, rather than implicit, fashion. Students should discuss the potential of a course counting toward the minor with the instructor as early as possible (ideally, before the course has begun) and negotiate special assignments or projects in consultation with the instructor and the Spatial Studies Advisory Committee. Negotiable courses must be approved by the Advisory Committee for credit toward the minor.

Student Portfolios

Although not required, a Senior StoryMap Spatial Portfolio is highly recommended to showcase your work and to use as a resume piece. See a SPA minor advisor for details.