Degree Programs

The Major

The major in HAST consists of 13 courses plus Practicum (50-52 units).

Foundation: 4 courses (16 units)

HAST 100: Introduction to Human-Animal Studies

1 Animal / Environmental Ethics course [Choose one.]

  • PHIL 110: Contemporary Moral Issues*
  • PHIL 211: Environmental Ethics
  • PHIL 212: Humans & Other Animals
  • PHIL 213: Animal Ethics & Policy
  • REL 120: Religion & Ethics
  • REL 122: Religion & Ecology: Environmental Ethics

* Assuming animal ethics content

1 Animal Behavior course [Choose one.]

  • BIOL 352: Animal Behavior
  • PSYC 350: Evolutionary Psychology

1 Ecology Course [Choose one.]

  • BIOL 109: Contemporary Issues in Ecology
  • BIOL 238: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior
  • BIOL 340: Conservation Biology
  • EVST 230: Biodiversity

Area of Emphasis: 4 Content Courses (16 units)

In consultation with a HAST Advisor, each student will select an Area of Emphasis consisting of four courses chosen from the lists below, an appropriate Methods course, and a Practicum relevant to the Area of Emphasis. The Area of Emphasis must be approved by the program Director.

Examples of Areas of Emphasis include (but are not limited to) domesticated animal care, industrial uses of animals, evolution of animal agriculture, animals in religion, animals as symbols in literature, or any other focused area of study in human-animal relationships.

  • Any science course listed above that is not taken for the Foundation*
  • BIOL 320: Marine Conservation (May Travel)
  • BIOL 334: Comparative Animal Physiology
  • BIOL 339: Zoology
  • BIOL 255: Ornithology
  • EVST 281: The Palau Expedition (May Travel)
  • EVST 283: Mapping Animals
  • EVST 305: Ecology for Environmental Scientists

* Exception: BIOL 340: Conservation Biology and EVST 230: Biodiversity may not both count toward the

  • ECON 205: Ecological Economics
  • ENGL 256: Native American Literature
  • EVST 215: American Environmental Literature
  • EVST 241: Environment & Society
  • EVST 342: Food, Nature, Power
  • EVST 376: Markets and Conservation Policies
  • EVST 311: Environmental Law in Action
  • EVST 325: Public Lands Policy
  • HIST 226: Native American History
  • PHIL 260: Animals & Science
  • PHIL 301: Chinese Buddhism
  • POLI 207: Environmental Politics & Policy
  • POLI 394: Boundaries of Political Community: Humans, Animals, Cyborgs
  • REL 120: Religion and Ethics
  • REL 122: Religion & Ecology: Environmental Ethics
  • REL 250: Compassion
  • REST 334: Native American Environmental Issues
  • REST 346: Native American Religions & Worldviews

1 Practicum / Internship appropriate to the Area of Emphasis

1 Methods Course appropriate to the Area of Emphasis [Choose one.] (4 units)

  • ENGL 201: Critical Reading
  • ENGL 202: Texts and Contexts
  • SPA 110: Intro to Spatial Analysis & GIS
  • HIST 290: Seminar in Historical Theories and Methods
  • POLI 202: Statistical Analysis and Mapping of Social Science Data
  • PSYC 250: Statistical Methods
  • PSYC 300: Research Methods

1 Capstone Experience (4-6 units)

  • HAST 401: Senior Capstone I (Fall only; 2 credits): Fieldwork, Career Preparation, Thesis Research
  • HAST 402: Senior Capstone II (Spring only; 2-4 credits): Interdisciplinary Portfolio or Thesis.

Additional Options and Restrictions:

Negotiable Courses: Other courses may count toward the HAST major electives provided that a major project in the course involves a HAST topic. Students should negotiate such arrangements with the instructor and obtain permission from the Advisory Committee before the beginning of the course.

Up to two Directed Studies may count toward the major, with permission of the instructor and the program Director.

To ensure depth of study, no more than three 100-level courses may count toward the major.

To ensure breadth of study, the major must include coursework in no fewer than three disciplines.

The Minor

The minor in HAST consists of six (3 or 4 credit) courses; two foundation courses, three electives, and a practicum.

Foundation Courses

  • Complete one of the following courses:
  • PHIL 212 Humans and other Animals
  • PHIL 213 Animal Ethics and Policy
  • PHIL 211 Environmental Ethics

AND one of the following courses:

  • BIOL 331 Ecology
  • BIOL 340 Conservation Biology
  • EVST 230 Biodiversity
  • EVST 305 Ecology for Environmental Scientists
  • BIOL 352 Animal Behavior
  • PSYC 350 Evolutionary Psychology

Elective courses

Three elective courses; at least one from the Science and one from the Humanities; at least three disciplinary areas must be represented in the minor, and no elective may duplicate a foundational course.


Students must complete a practicum (3-4 credits), ideally taken after the completion of other HAST coursework in the spirit of the capstone. The practicum may take the form of any experiential project involving animals that is overseen by Redlands faculty and approved by the advisory committee.



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