Degree Programs

The Minor

The minor in HAST consists of six (3 or 4 credit) courses; two foundation courses, three electives, and a practicum.

Foundation Courses

Complete one of the following courses:

PHIL 212 Humans and other Animals 
PHIL 213 Animal Ethics and Policy
PHIL 211 Environmental Ethics

AND one of the following courses:

BIOL 331 Ecology
BIOL 340 Conservation Biology
EVST 230 Biodiversity
EVST 305 Ecology for Environmental Scientists
BIOL 352 Animal Behavior
PSYC 350 Evolutionary Psychology

Elective courses

Three elective courses; at least one from the Science and one from the Humanities; at least three disciplinary areas must be represented in the minor, and no elective may duplicate a foundational course.


Students must complete a practicum (3-4 credits), ideally taken after the completion of other HAST coursework in the spirit of the capstone. The practicum may take the form of any experiential project involving animals that is overseen by Redlands faculty and approved by the advisory committee.



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