Ph.D., Psychology, McMaster University
BSc., Biology, McMaster University
Dr. Salmon is the co-author (with Donald Symons) of "Warrior Lovers: Erotic Fiction, Evolution and Female Sexuality" as well as “The Secret Power of Middle Children” in collaboration with Katrin Schumann. She has written chapters in numerous books including “The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology” and is an associate editor at the journal Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, as well as the co-editor of the books “Evolutionary Psychology: Public Policy and Personal Decisions” (with Charles Crawford) and “Family Psychology: An Evolutionary Perspective” (with Todd Shackelford).
Introduction to Psychology
Psychology of Criminal Behavior
Areas of expertise are evolutionary psychology, and human sexuality
Primary research interests include birth order and the family, reproductive suppression and dieting behavior, and female sexuality, particularly with regard to prostitution and pornography
Salmon, C., & Hehman, J. (2022). The importance of ecological validity, ultimate causation, and natural categories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 45, E92. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X21000741
Figueredo, A. J., Steklis, N. G., Peñaherrera-Aguirre, M., Fernandes, H. B. F., Cabeza de Baca,T., Salmon, C., ... & Sevillano, V. (2022). The Adapa Tablets and the Tuxtla Glyphs: Coevolution Between Human and Nonhuman Animals. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 8, 316-332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40806-022-00320-5
Salmon, C. A., & Hehman, J. A. (2022). Perceptions of Sexual Images: Factors Influencing Responses to the Ubiquitous External Ejaculation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 51(2), 1271-1280.
Hehman, J. A., Salmon, C. A., Pulford, A., Ramirez, E., & Jonason, P. K. (2022). Who perceives sexual harassment? Sex differences and the impact of mate value, sex of perpetrator, and sex of target. Personality and Individual Differences,185, 111288.
Salmon, C. & Hehman, J.A. (2021). Good Friends, Better Enemies? The Effects of Sibling Sex, Co-Residence, and Relatedness on Sibling Conflict and Cooperation. Evolutionary Psychological Science 10.1007/s40806-021-00292-y
Hehman, J.A. & Salmon, C. (2021). Differences between Behavior and Maturation: Developmental Effects of Father Absence. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 7, 166-182. 10.1007/s40750-021-00166-4
Wade, T.J., Fisher, M. & Salmon, C. (2021). Want to Hookup? Sex Differences in Short-term Mate Attraction Tactics. Evolutionary Psychological Science 10.1007/s40806-021-00282-0
Salmon, C.A., & Hehman, J.A. (2021). Evolutionary perspectives on maternal parenting. In V. Weekes-Shackelford & T.K. Shackelford (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook on Evolutionary Psychology and Parenting (pp. 173-188). New York: Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C., & Burch, R.L. (2020). I’m with You Till the End of the Line: The Romanticization of Male Bonds. In J. Carroll, M. Clasen, & E. Jonsson (Eds.). Evolutionary perspectives on Imaginative Culture (pp. 291-305). New York: Springer.
Salmon, C., Fisher, M.L., & Burch, R. (2020). The Internet is For Porn: Evolutionary Perspectives on Online Pornography. In L. Workman, W. Reader, & J.H. Barkow (Eds). The Cambridge Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behavior (pp. 548-557). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Salmon, C. (2020). Multiple methodologies: Addressing ecological validity and conceptual replication. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 14, 373-378.10.1037/ebs0000213
Hehman, J.A. & Salmon, C. (2019) Beyond Sex Differences: Predictors of Negative Emotions Following Casual Sex. Evolutionary Psychological Sciences, 6, 97-108. 10.1007/s40806-019-00217-w
Salmon, C., Fisher, M., & Burch, R. (2019). Evolutionary Approaches: Integrating Pornography Preferences, Short-Term Mating, and Infidelity. Personality and Individual Differences, 148, 45-49. 10.1016/j.paid.2019.05.030
Burch, R.L. & Salmon, C. (2019). The rough stuff: Understanding aggressive consensual sex. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 5, 383-393. doi.org/10.1007/s40806-019-00196-y
Hehman, J.A. & Salmon, C. A. (2019). Sex specific developmental effects of father absence on casual sexual behavior and life history strategy. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 5, 121-130.
Salmon, C. (2018). State of the Art: Evolutionary Perspectives and Popular Culture. Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture, 1(4), 47-66.
Salmon, C. (2018). Emotions are running high: psychological approaches to the study of professional wrestling. The Popular Culture Studies Journal, 6, 121-137.
Salmon, C. & Fisher, M. (2018). Putting the “Sex” into “Sexuality”: Understanding Online Pornography using an Evolutionary Framework. EvoS Journal: The Journal of the Evolutionary Studies Consortium, 9, Sp. Iss (2), 1-15.
Salmon, C. & Hehman, J. (2018). Second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D), tomboyism, and Temperament. Personality and Individual Differences, 123, 131-134.
Salmon, C. (2018). Why in utero and post-natal birth order effects may have different patterns. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 47, 37-38. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-017-1069-3.
Salmon, C., Cuthbertson, A. M., & Figueredo, A. J. (2016). The relationship between birth order and prosociality: An evolutionary perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 18-22.
Salmon, C.A. (2016) What do romance novels, pro-wrestling, and Mack Bolan have in common? Consilience and the pop culture of storytelling. In J.C. Carroll, E.O. Wilson, & D. McAdams (Eds.). Darwin’s Bridge: Uniting the Humanities and Sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C.A. (2016). Parental Investment and Parent-offspring Conflict. In D. Buss (ed.). The Evolutionary Psychology Handbook 2nd edition (pp. 542-560). New York: Wiley
Salmon, C. (2015). The impact of prenatal testosterone on female interest in slash fiction. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 9, 161-169.
Salmon, C.A. & Hehman, J. (2015) Sibling Conflict: The role of relatedness, sex, and sources of conflict. Evolutionary Psychological Sciences, 1, 123-129.
Salmon, C.A. (2015). Familial Relationships. In V. Zeigler-Hill, L.M. Welling, & T.K. Shackelford (Eds.). Evolutionary Perspectives on Social Psychology. New York: Springer.
Salmon, C. A. (2017). Is female competition at the heart of reproductive suppression and eating disorders? In M. Fisher (Ed.), Oxford Handbook on Women and Competition. New York: Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C. A., and Hehman, J. A. (2014). The evolutionary psychology of sibling conflict and siblicide. In T. K. Shackelford and R. D. Hansen (Eds.), The Evolution of Violence (pp. 137-157). New York: Springer.
Fisher, M., and Salmon, C. (2013). Mom, Dad, meet my mate: An evolutionary perspective on the introduction of parents and mates. Journal of Family Studies, 19, 99-107.
Salmon, C. & Diamond, A. (2012). Evolutionary perspectives on the content analysis of heterosexual and homosexual pornography. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 6(2), 193-202.
Salmon, C. A. (2012). The pop culture of sex: An evolutionary window on the worlds of pornography and romance. Review of General Psychology, 16, 152-160.
Fisher, M., and Salmon, C. A. (2012). Human nature and pop culture. Review of General Psychology, 16, 104-108.
Salmon, C. A. (2012). The world of sports entertainment: Evolutionary drama in the squared circle. The Evolutionary Review, 3(1), 108-115.
Salmon, C. A., Shackelford, T. K., and Michalski, R. (2012). Birth order, sex of child, and perceptions of parental favoritism. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 357-362.
Salmon, C.A., and Schumann, K. (2011). The Secret Power of Middle Children. Hudson St. Press.
Salmon, C. A. and Malcolm, J. (2011). Parent-offspring conflict. In C. A. Salmon and T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Tyhe Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C. A. and Shackelford, T. K. (2011). Towards an evolutionary psychology of the family. In C. A. Salmon and T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Gorelik, G., Shackelford, T.K., and Salmon, C.A. (2010). New horizons in the evolutionary science of the human family. Review of General Psychology, 14, 330-339.
Salmon, C. A., Figueredo, A. J., and Woodburn, L. (2009). Life history strategy and disordered eating behavior. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 585-600.
Salmon, C. A., Crawford, C. B., Dane, L., and Zuberbier, O. (2008). Ancestral mechanisms in modern environments: Impact of competition and stress on body image and dieting behavior. Human Nature, 19, 103-117.
Salmon, C. A., Crawford, C. B., and Walters, S. (2008). Anorexic behavior, female competition, and stress: Developing the Female Competition Stress Test." Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 96-112.
Salmon, C. A. (2008). The world's oldest profession: Evolutionary insights into prostitution. In J. Duntley and T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary forensic psychology (pp. 121-135). Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C. A. and Crawford, C. B. (2008). Evolutionary psychology: The historical context. In C. Crawford and D. Krebs (Eds.), Foundations of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, applications, and findings (pp. 1-21). Erlbaum.
Salmon, C. A. (2008). Heroes and hos' reflections of male and female sexual natures. In C. Crawford and D. Krebs (Eds.), Foundations of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, applications, and findings (pp. 281-290). Erlbaum.
Salmon, C. A. (2007). Big brothers and little sisters? Sex selection and birth order. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 15 (supplement 1), 12-17.
Salmon, C. A. and Shackelford, T. K. (2007). Family relationships: An evolutionary perspective. Oxford University Press.
Salmon, C. A. (2005). Parental investment and parent-offspring conflict. In D. Buss (Ed.), The evolutionary psychology handbook (pp. 506-527). New York: Wiley.
Salmon, C. A. and Clerc, S. (2005). Ladies Love Wrestling, Too': Female Wrestling Fans Online. In Steel Chair to the Head: The Pleasure and Pain of Professional Wrestling (N. Sammond ed). Duke University Press. Pp. 167-191.
Salmon, C. A. and Symons, D. (2004). Slash fiction and human mating psychology. Journal of Sex Research, 41(1), 94-100.
Salmon, C.A. (2003). Birth order and relationships: Family, friends and sexual partners. Human Nature, 14(1), 73-88.
University of Redlands Faculty Grant: 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2014-2015, 2015-2016
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Post-Doctoral Fellowship: 2001-2003
Social Science and Humanities Research Council (Canada) Post-Doctoral Fellowship: 1999-2001