College of Arts and Sciences Course Numbering Definitions

Course Numbering System

0–99 Preparatory: (e.g., remedial courses, skills courses): May or may not be counted for degree credit, depending on course content. No prerequisites.

100–199 Introductory: Included in degree grade point average (GPA). Usually have no college-level prerequisites, but may include some previous preparation. Typically first-year courses.

200–299 Introductory and Intermediate: Will usually have prerequisites, not necessarily academic work (e.g., sophomore standing; permission). Typically second-year courses.

300–399 Intermediate and Advanced: Have prerequisites, but not necessarily in the major. Typically third-year courses.

400–499 Advanced: Have prerequisites in the major. Typically fourth-year courses.

500–599 Credential and other post-baccalaureate courses. Continuing education courses are also offered in this series.

500x–599x Continuing education courses. Not degree applicable. Offered through Schools of Education, Business, and Continuing Studies.

600–699 Graduate: Reserved for graduate students.

700–799 Post-graduate: Courses not otherwise offered as graduate courses. Advanced credential courses in Education are in this category.

800–899 Doctorate-level courses: Reserved for Ed.D. students.

Regardless of the level, courses numbered in the x60s are topics courses; courses numbered in the x70s are directed studies; courses numbered in the x80s are internships; and courses numbered in the x90s are capstone, honors, or thesis courses.

Johnston Course Numbering
000A–000Z Johnston Seminars, undergraduate level.

IND- Johnston Independent Studies, undergraduate level.

Course Frequency 
Most classes are offered each year in the time stated. Exceptions are identified at the end of course descriptions.

“Offered in alternate years” indicates courses that are offered on a regular basis every other year. Time of offering is included in the description statement.

“Not regularly offered” identifies courses that are offered outside the schedules mentioned above (e.g., every third semester). The next offering time is included in the description statement.

“Offered as needed” refers to those courses offered at the discretion of the department (usually topics courses) and on demand. Descriptions of these courses will carry a message that the course title and semester will be announced in the current Schedule of Classes.

Academic Credit Definition 

A semester credit is awarded for the amount of work an average student would accomplish in a minimum of 40 hours (undergraduate) and 45 hours (graduate), including the hours spent in the laboratory or classroom.

Explanation of Course Markings

Course numbers and titles listed in this catalog are followed by the semester or term in which they are typically offered and the number of credits they carry. Courses that continue throughout the year are described together. Course numbers (a) separated by a comma may be scheduled in any sequence, (b) separated by a hyphen must be taken in sequence because each is a prerequisite for the course following, and (c) course numbers separated by a slash distinguish undergraduate and graduate levels. Undergraduates would enroll for a level numbered 1–499, graduates for 600–699.