Migrations, Medieval and Modern: European Religions, Peoples, Nations, and Identities


June 20 - June 30, 2023
Salzburg, Austria 


Christopher Ocker, Phd 
Interim Dean and Professor of the History of Christianity, San Francisco Theological Seminary
Assistant Provost, Graduate School of Theology

Wolfgang Schmutz, PhD
Faculty, University of Redlands Salzburg Semester

Course Description

What is European? In America, Europe is often thought of as a racially and culturally uniform block: racially white, politically secular, culturally Christian or post-Christian, scientifically advanced, economically privileged and domineering. This Salzburg-based course offers a different view, afforded by the medieval and modern experiences of migration. The histories of migrations in Europe highlight the continent’s dynamic political and cultural pluralism. The course examines human movement and the cultural and social identities this produced in Europe’s dominant religion (Christianity, in its Roman Catholicism and Protestant forms), in the cultures of its past and present minorities (Jewish communities figure prominently here), in relation to the development and crises of nation states, and as a factor in European unification. We will study seminal moments in medieval, Reformation, Enlightenment, twentieth-century, and current histories. The course will include day trips in and around Salzburg, to other sites in Austria, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, and Germany (Vienna, Berchtesgaden, Enns, and Melk).

The course may be taken as a Graduate School of Theology (GST) elective, or, in the School of Continuing Studies (SCS), for undergraduate credit or just for fun as non-credit continuing education. Assignments are calibrated to each group of for undergraduate and graduate students. Non-credit students participate in lectures, discussions, and excursions, but have no graded assigned work.

Program Structure

For CAS and GST students only.

Daily Structure of classes in Salzburg include lectures, discussion groups, tasks and activities in break-out sessions, local and regional site visits on most days.

*An enrollment minimum of 15 students is required. If the enrollment minimum is not reached, we may need to cancel the course. We will keep you informed by May 3, 2023.

Program Fees

UR School Course Number Credits Salzburg Program Fee



CAS SALZ-401-01    3 $1750 $1275 ($425/credit) $
SCS SALZCS-300-01N    0 $1750 $425 -
SCS?? SALZCS-300-01    2? $1750 $850 -
GST HS-3280-01    3 $1750 $2,319 ($773/credit) -


Registration Deadlines

  • College of Arts & Sciences (CAS) = 
  • School of Continuing Studies (SCS) = 
  • Graduate School of Theology (GST) = April 4 - 15 early registration