Migrations, Medieval and Modern: European Religions, Peoples, Nations, and Identities


June 20 - July 1, 2022
Salzburg, Austria 



Christopher Ocker, Phd 
Assistant Provost , Interim Dean, and Professor of the History of Christianity
Graduate School of Theology

Wolfgang Schmutz, PhD
Faculty, University of Redlands Salzburg Semester


What is European? In America, Europe is often thought of as a racially and culturally uniform block: racially white, politically secular, culturally Christian or post-Christian, scientifically advanced, economically privileged and domineering. This Salzburg-based course offers a different view, afforded by the medieval and modern experiences of migration. The histories of migrations in Europe highlight the continent’s dynamic political and cultural pluralism. The course examines human movement and the cultural and social identities this produced in Europe’s dominant religion (Christianity, in its Roman Catholicism and Protestant forms), in the cultures of its past and present minorities (Jewish communities figure prominently here), in relation to the development and crises of nation states, and as a factor in European unification. We will approach migrations and identities through the study of several historical locations in Central and Eastern Europe (e.g. Vienna, Salzburg, Prague, Transylvania). The course will include site visits in Salzburg, Vienna, Berchtesgaden, Enns, and MelkThrough the study of these localities, approached through seminal moments in their histories, students will be introduced to medieval and modern European population movements; the basic social and political structures of pre-modern Europe; the role of prejudice, war, and pandemic in migration; and the histories of Jewish, Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, and Muslim religious identities, culture-based national identities, European racism, movements of European unity, and the recent migration crisis (2015-2019).

The course may be taken as a Graduate School of Theology (GST) elective, a College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) undergraduate elective, and a credit or non-credit course in the School of Continuing Studies (SCS). Tasks and activities are calibrated to each group of students, but combined activities take advantage of the variety of student interests, goals, and background experiences.

Program Structure

For CAS and GST students only.

Daily Structure of classes in Salzburg include lectures, discussion groups, tasks and activities in break-out sessions, local and regional site visits on most days.

*An enrollment minimum of 15 students is required. If the enrollment minimum is not reached, we may need to cancel the course. We will keep you informed by May 3, 2022.

Program Fees

Costs for this program are a combination of food and lodging in Salzburg, a course fee and number of credits depending on your school association , as well as travel to/from Salzburg.

+ Salzburg Food and Lodging 
+ Airfare/travel to and from Salzburg 
+ Course Tuition (see table below)


UR School Course Number Salzburg Food/Lodging


Early Bird


CAS SALZ-300-01A $1090 $1700 $1650 $1000
SCS SALZCS-300-01 $1090 ? - -
SCS SALZCS-300-01N $1090  ? - -
GST HS-???-01 $1090  ? - -


Dates and Credits Per School

Start Term UR School Course Number  Credits Pre-work Start Date

Dates in Salzburg

SUM 2022 CAS SALZ-300-01A 3 6/6 6/20 - 7/1
SUM 2022 SCS SALZCS-300-01 2 N/A 6/20 - 7/1
SUM 2022 SCS SALZCS-300-01N 0  N/A 6/20 - 7/1
SUM 2022 GST HS-???-01 3  6/6 6/20 - 7/1


Registration Deadlines

  • College of Arts & Sciences (CAS) = 
  • School of Continuing Studies (SCS) = 
  • Graduate School of Theology (GST) = April 4 - 15 early registration