On Wednesday, April 1, 2020, the University of Redlands celebrates spatial learning, research, and community service conducted by students, faculty, administrators, and campus programs. Join us in the Casa Loma Room for the following events!
Deadline: Friday, March 20, 2020.
Live Streaming of the Symposium will begin at 6:15 PM on Wednesday, April 1, 2020.
Presentation of the Center for Spatial Business Student Excellence Awards
“California Indians Say No!” Using Spatial Analysis to decode Indian Resistance to the California Mission Enterprise: Missions San Diego, 1775, and San Jose, 1826”
Jim Sandos, Farquhar Professor of the American Southwest Emeritus
Tish Sandos, Independent Scholar
These two incidents of Indian resistance against missionization have been well documented in the written historical record. However, they were related exclusively from a Spanish and/or Mexican view. Until the recent compilation of databases derived from the mission registers of each Indian Baptism, Marriage(s) if any, and Deaths recorded by priests at the twenty-one California missions, the Indian voice was virtually unheard. The register databases permit detailed observation of individual Indian activity within the missions. Moreover, they lend themselves to the mapping of pre-contact Indian language groups and Rancheria (village sites) locations. In this presentation, we will show how, through database research and spatial analysis, we have uncovered previously unseen examples of tribal interactions demonstrating the significant role Indian agency played in Native American response and resistance to European colonization in California from the beginning of the Spanish enterprise in 1769 until nearly the end of the mission system under Mexican rule in the mid-1830s.
James has published on California missions and mission Indians for over thirty years. His “Junípero Serra’s Canonization and the Historical Record,” an award-winning essay in The American Historical Review (1988), was the first to raise the question of the misuse of evidence to advance Serra’s canonization (sainthood). He authored the well-reviewed and widely-distributed book, Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions (Yale University Press, 2004 hard cover; 2008 paper). Around 2010, Sandos had an epiphany when he encountered spatial studies and their possibilities for the digital humanities. He has found the combination of digital information with mapping technology, provides a new approach to telling stories of the past we thought we knew. Jim and Tish are under contract with the University of Oklahoma Press to complete a book length project on California Indian Violence against the mission system and have introduced a significant spatial component to the California Indian Seminar they currently co-teach at the University of Redlands.