School of Business Graduation Requirements 

Undergraduate Programs

Catalog Requirement
Students must complete the graduation requirements as stated in this Catalog for the year of admission. If a student is readmitted, the requirements prevailing at the time of readmission must be met. A student is not permitted to select graduation requirements from more than one catalog.

Prerequisite Courses
For admission to a course that requires a prerequisite, a student must have satisfactorily completed a prerequisite course with a grade of 1.7 or higher.

Quantity and Quality of Work 
To graduate, students must complete all of the requirements of their degree programs and earn at least 120 credits of academic credit. Students must maintain a grade point average (GPA) of 2.00 or better in all work taken at the University of Redlands. Quality grade points (derived from numeric grading) are not awarded for transfer work or courses taken on a Credit/No Credit basis, and credits for these courses are not calculated in the GPA.

Graduation Requirements 
Students must fulfill five basic requirements before receiving a baccalaureate degree:
• Completion of 120-semester credits of study, of which at least 32 credits must be earned or certified at the University of Redlands.
• Completion of the major program to which the student was admitted. The specific requirements are outlined in this Catalog.
• Satisfaction of General Education requirements consisting of a minimum of 42-semester credits, as listed under general education requirements.
• A minimum cumulative GPA of 2.00 earned for all college-level work taken at the University of Redlands.
•Readmitted students must meet the graduation requirements in effect at the time of re-enrollment.

General Education Requirements 
While the School of Business major programs focus primarily on advanced work in business-related courses, the School believes that well-educated students also need experience in arts and humanities, behavioral and social sciences, mathematics and science, and writing and communication. General education requirements, therefore, constitute a significant portion of the degree and are intended to acquaint students with a variety of theoretical concepts and the diversity of methodologies employed in the pursuit of knowledge.

The degree comprises 120 credits divided into three areas: general education, the major, and electives. Each student must earn 42-semester credits of general education, distributed among four categories: Arts and Humanities (AH), Mathematics/Science (MS), Behavioral/Social Science (SS), and Writing and Communication (WC). Among the four categories, each has its own required number of credits. Six of these credits are the student’s individual choice and may be taken from any of the categories. A minimum of 9 of these credits must be earned in upper-division courses. Students may apply a maximum of 4 Physical Education (PE) activity credits (not required) towards a School of Business undergraduate degree. No individual course can fulfill more than one category requirement.

Students, with the assistance of their Student Services Manager, are responsible for monitoring their progress toward fulfillment of the General Education requirements. The students bear the ultimate responsibility for monitoring academic progress and ensuring fulfillment of all degree requirements.

Arts and Humanities (AH). A minimum of 12-semester credits is required.

Behavioral/Social Science (SS). A minimum of 9-semester credits is required.

Mathematics/Science (MS). A minimum of 9-semester credits is required. Students are required to take at least one 3-credit college-level mathematics course. At least one (minimum 1-credit) natural science course (biology, chemistry, physics, geology, physical geography, astronomy, oceanography and physical anthropology) is required. Students may take one course in computer science or another science.

Writing/Communication (WC). A minimum of 6-semester credits is required. Students must take at least one course in English composition.

General Education requirements may be fulfilled by:
• transfer of appropriate and acceptable credit from other colleges or universities, including the University of Redlands College of Arts and Sciences and School of Continuing Studies; or
• successful completion of the appropriate Electives for Business courses; or
• successful evaluation of work through Registrar’s Office Assessed Learning, including work certified through the American Council on Education, NSSRS or the University of Redlands; or 
• successful completion of CLEP, DANTES, or DSST exams; or
• Advanced Placement.

Bachelor of Science in Business
The following courses in the Bachelor of Science in Business schedule of instruction qualify as General Education courses and partially fulfill General Education graduation requirements.

Writing/Communication (WC)

BUSB 301 Critical Analysis: Written and Oral Communication (4 Credits)

Deepens students’ analytical skills in written and oral communication. Focus on purpose, depth, organization, research, style, and effectiveness. Special attention is paid to contemporary business contexts, as well as historical perspectives.

Social Science (SS)

BUSB 230 Economics for Business (4 Credits)

Introductory study of macroeconomics and microeconomics. Microeconomics studies decision-making by individual firms and consumers in regard to the allocation of scarce resources, supply and demand basics, and optimum output determination. Macroeconomics includes coverage of the national and global economy, the impact of economic aggregates, and government action.

BUSB 300 Ethical and Legal Environment of Business (4 Credits)

Examination of moral and legal business issues in domestic and international contexts with emphasis on contemporary problems.

Mathematics/Science (MS)

BUSB 145 Mathematical Foundations for Business (4 Credits)

Introduction of mathematical foundations with applications for decision-making in business, economics, finance, business statistics, and operations management. Focus is on mathematical concepts, including functions and their graphs, systems of equations and inequalities, linear programming, mathematics of finance, and basic probability and statistics. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of the Math Assessment or BUSB 095.

BUSB 232 Business Statistics (4 Credits)

Introduction to basic statistical concepts, including measures of central tendency and dispersion, frequency distributions, probability distributions, sampling distributions, and estimation. Also application in statistical inference, one- and two-sample hypothesis testing, chi-square, analysis of variance, and multiple regression models. 
Co-requisite: BUSB 145 or equivalent.

BUSB 260 Financial and Managerial Accounting (4 Credits)

Examines accounting information as an economic decision-making tool. This course presents the concepts, policies, and procedures that govern accounting information systems. Students use that understanding to improve resource allocation by managers, owners, and creditors of an organization. 
Prerequisite: BUSB 145 or equivalent.

BUSB 333 Business Information Systems (4 Credits)

Introductory organizational and managerial overview of information systems. Assessing and constructing data and information for decision-making, designing interactive and spatial information systems, and assessing their ethical implications. Communicating effectively in a systems development environment.

Bachelor of Science in Management
The following courses in the Bachelor of Science in Management schedule of instruction qualify as General Education courses and partially fulfill General Education graduation requirements.

Writing/Communication (WC)

BUSB 301 Critical Analysis: Written and Oral Communication (4 Credits)

Deepens students’ analytical skills in written and oral communication. Focus on purpose, depth, organization, research, style, and effectiveness. Special attention is paid to contemporary business contexts, as well as historical perspectives.

Social Science (SS)

BUSB 230 Economics for Business (4 Credits)

Introductory study of macroeconomics and microeconomics. Microeconomics studies decision-making by individual firms and consumers in regard to the allocation of scarce resources, supply and demand basics, and optimum output determination. Macroeconomics includes coverage of the national and global economy, the impact of economic aggregates, and government action.

BUSB 300 Ethical and Legal Environment of Business (4 Credits)

Examination of moral and legal business issues in domestic and international contexts with emphasis on contemporary problems.

Arts and Humanities (AH)

BAMG 401 Critical Perspectives for Management (4 Credits)

Develops advanced critical analysis skills in writing, reading, and oral presentation through considering aspects of leadership in management in its various dimensions and within diverse theoretical and disciplinary frameworks. 
Prerequisite: BUSB 301.

Mathematics/Science (MS)

BUSB 145 Mathematical Foundations for Business (4 Credits)

Introduction of mathematical foundations with applications for decision-making in business, economics, finance, business statistics, and operations management. Focus is on mathematical concepts, including functions and their graphs, systems of equations and inequalities, linear programming, mathematics of finance, and basic probability and statistics. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of the Math Assessment or BUSB 095.

Graduate Programs
Requirements vary among graduate programs. Students should consult the appropriate departmental listing in this Catalog for specific requirements. However, the following regulations pertain to graduate students in all programs at the University of Redlands.

Credit Obsolescence
No course that has been completed more than six years before the date of graduation shall be counted toward a University of Redlands graduate degree. 

Graduation Requirements
Students must fulfill three basic requirements before receiving a graduate degree:
• Completion of the program to which the student was admitted. The specific requirements are outlined in this Catalog
• A minimum grade of 2.0 in all graduate courses and a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0 earned for all graduate-level coursework taken at the University of Redlands
• Readmitted students must meet the graduation requirements in effect at the time of re-enrollment

The Following Applies to Both Undergraduate and Graduate Programs:

Minimum Credit and Curriculum Requirements
The minimum number of credits required varies according to the program. See individual listings for this information. Curricula for School of Business graduate degree programs may be subject to change each year. School of Business students should consult the annual supplementary publication.

Commencement
The School of Business enrolls students throughout the year and has students completing degree requirements at various points during the year. Students may commence in the academic year in which they complete their degree requirements if all degree requirements are completed by February 1. An application to participate in commencement must be completed and postmarked by the current year's deadline.

Commencement is a voluntary ceremonious event for eligible students to recognize their academic accomplishments. Students may participate in commencement providing they meet the following eligibility requirements: 

Undergraduate students may commence in the calendar year in which they complete their degree requirements provided they meet the following eligibility requirements:

• they are officially scheduled to complete all required core courses by August 31st of the same year
• have eight (8) or fewer non-core credits remaining
• have submitted a detailed plan to complete remaining non-core credits by August 31st
• have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0 

Graduate students may commence in the calendar year in which they complete their degree program if the following criteria have been met:
• officially scheduled to complete all required courses by August 31st of the same year
• have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0