Asian Studies

The Program Director
Walter Hutchens 

The Advisory Committee
Anne Cavender, English
Heung-Joo Cha, Global Business
Karen Derris, Religious Studies
Robert Eng, History
Lawrence Finsen, Philosophy
Walter Hutchens, Global Business
William Huntley, Religious Studies
Xinyan Jiang, Philosophy
Sawa Kurotani, Anthropology
Hongwei Lu, Asian Studies 
Jack Osborn, Global Business

Mission Statement
The Asian Studies Program seeks to cultivate an understanding and appreciation of Asia’s diverse cultures and contemporary social, political, business, and economic issues. The program emphasizes interdisciplinary approaches, combining the study of languages, humanities, and the social sciences. Faculty who are appointed to the Asian Studies Program, Members of the Advisory Committee, and other faculty regularly offer courses that fulfill Asian Studies degree requirements. A listing of Asian Studies courses is set forth below.  

The many unique cultures within Asia offer the student distinct perspectives on art, literature, religion, and philosophy, developed through a history dating back thousands of years. The Asian Studies curriculum emphasizes China and Japan. Courses are also offered and encouraged spanning the entire geographic area, which compare and contrast the development and current state of cultures throughout the Asian region.

Learning outcomes for this program may be found at www.redlands.edu/BA-AST/learning-outcomes.

The Major
Asian Studies (AST) offers an interdisciplinary major, which allows students to combine different types of courses from the list of Asian Studies and Asian Studies cross-listed courses. Asian Studies major requirements consist of 1) completion of 14 courses of 3–4 credits each, including a Senior Capstone project, 2) Asian language proficiency at the second-year completion level, and 3) a study abroad experience in Asia.

Bachelor of Arts
I. Coursework Requirement 

Students must take 14 AST and/or AST cross-listed courses of 3–4 credits each and a Senior Capstone.

The 14 required AST and/or AST cross-listed courses are subject to the following restrictions: 

1. At least eight major courses must be AST-designated courses taken at the University of Redlands (including on-campus courses and travel courses).

2. At least five major courses must be at the 300-400 levels (including 300-400 level language courses), and the student must take courses from at least two disciplines other than language study.

3. A maximum of eight Asian language courses may be used towards the 14 total required courses.

4. A First-Year Seminar that has significant Asian content and is taught by an Asian Studies Advisory Committee faculty member may be included in major coursework. 

5. Majors may petition to change any of the above restrictions, subject to approval by the Asian Studies Program. 

For the Senior Capstone, students should contact an AST advisor at the end of the third year to choose between the two options described below. Detailed guidelines for the Senior Capstone are available through an AST advisor. 

Option A) Senior Project—Conducted during the last semester at the University, the senior project is intended to showcase the student’s accomplishment as an AST major. Students may choose, in consultation with an AST advisor, to pursue a semester-long research project, portfolio, or other significant project as the culminating experience as an AST major. The project is reviewed by a committee, which consists of three AST and/or AST Advisory Committee faculty. Required: one semester of 400-level Directed Study of 4 credits.

Option B) Honor’s Thesis—This option is recommended for outstanding majors who are highly motivated in their academic work. It requires a major research undertaking conducted through both semesters of the senior year. The thesis is submitted to the committee, which consists of three AST and/or AST Advisory Committee faculty, and considered for departmental honors. To be eligible for Asian Studies honors, students must have at least a 3.45 cumulative GPA in AST major courses. Required: one semester of 400-level Directed Study of 4 credits. Honors students may enroll in up to 8 credits of such directed studies.

II. Language Requirement
Majors must demonstrate proficiency in an Asian language at the second-year completion level. Currently, the Asian Studies Program offers two language programs: Chinese and Japanese. Students who wish to pursue another Asian language may do so, subject to approval by the AST Advisory Committee including advanced approval of how the proficiency requirement will be fulfilled. 

III. Study Abroad Requirement
Study abroad in an Asian location is required. Relevant courses from study abroad may be counted toward AST coursework, subject to the Coursework Requirement restrictions previously stated.

The Minor
The minor requires completion of:
• at least one year in Chinese or Japanese language study consisting of two courses.
• six courses from the AST and AST Cross-listed course list. Of the six courses, at least one must be taken at the 300 or 400 level, and the student must take courses from at least two disciplines other than language study.

Advanced Placement in Chinese and Japanese
Students who score a three on the Advanced Placement Test receive 4 credits; those who score a four or five receive 8 credits. The department will determine language placement.

AST and AST Cross-listed Courses

AST 111 Introduction to Chinese Literature (4 Credits)

Literature from a variety of genres and periods selected to introduce students to the richness of a 2,000-year-old Chinese literary tradition. Special attention to developing critical and analytical skills.

AST 120 Chinese/Japanese Calligraphy (4 Credits)

Chinese and Japanese characters as an art form, from basic strokes to more complex characters and various styles. Students learn traditional methods of writing calligraphy using brush and ink. Emphasis on Japanese or Chinese styles depends on instructor. No prior knowledge of Chinese or Japanese language is required. 

AST 160 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 211 Contemporary Chinese Film (4 Credits)

Examines the cinematic representations of social and cultural transformations of modern China. Topics include analysis of visual-aural spectacles and their aesthetic merits against a backdrop of materials that deal with historical conditions, ideological underpinnings, cultural practices, and social-economic transformation. 

AST 212 Modern Chinese Literature (4 Credits)

Designed to examine the development of modern Chinese literature. The primary goal of the course is to familiarize students with as much of the most representative literary works of 20th-century China as possible and branch out to topics in historical, sociological, and cultural studies. 
Offered in alternate years.

AST 240 Popular Culture of Japan (4 Credits)

This course examines contemporary Japanese popular culture to better understand Japanese social practices, values, and conceptualization of human relationships and the meaning of life. The topics examined include the mass media, food, and sports using Anime, manga, contemporary films, magazines, and advertisements.

AST 260 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 360 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 460 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

GLB 336 International Business (4 Credits)

Examines the relationship of world, regional, and national institutions and cultures to businesses operating within their environments. The major trading blocs of NAFTA and the European Union are studied, as well as the nature of trade and business with and within China, Japan, Mexico, and the European Union.
Prerequisites: GLB 228 and junior standing or by permission.

GLB 452 Japanese Corporations and Global Business (4 Credits)

Covers operating styles in the management of Japanese firms, the relationship of major Japanese corporations to the Government of Japan, and the direct investment of Japanese firms in both developed and developing nations.
Prerequisite: junior standing.

GLB 457 Strategic Issues in Global Business (4 Credits)

Selected current topics and their impact on business operations are explored in depth. This course emphasizes the need for businesses to closely monitor and develop both an understanding and sensitivity to major social, cultural, environmental, and political issues.
Prerequisites: senior standing, global business major or by permission.

GLB 459 Business Policy and Strategy for Bachelor of Science Majors (4 Credits)

Capstone course requiring students to integrate their knowledge of finance, law, accounting, and organizational and behavioral studies, and apply these topics to the development of business strategies in national and global contexts.
Prerequisites: GLB 240, GLB 350, ACCT 220, GLB 353 or ACCT 315 (which can be taken concurrently), GLB 336, or other approved course or by permission.

CHNS 101 Beginning Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Chinese language for students with no previous Chinese experience. Introduction to basic Chinese conversation and the Chinese writing system. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 102 Beginning Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Chinese language for students with no previous Chinese experience. Introduction to basic Chinese conversation and the Chinese writing system. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 201 Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Continuation of CHNS 101 and CHNS 102.
Prerequisite: CHNS 101 CHNS 102 or by permission. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 202 Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Continuation of CHNS 101 and CHNS 102.
Prerequisite: CHNS 101 CHNS 102 or by permission. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 301 Third-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Intermediate to Advanced Level Chinese. Enables students to communicate ideas and opinions comfortably in Chinese and to advance their reading and writing abilities. Emphasis on authentic materials and task-based activities and exercises. Approximately 800 new words will be introduced. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 301: CHNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 302 Third-Year Chinese (mandarin) (4 Credits)

Intermediate to Advanced Level Chinese. Enables students to communicate ideas and opinions comfortably in Chinese and to advance their reading and writing abilities. Emphasis on authentic materials and task-based activities and exercises. Approximately 800 new words will be introduced. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 301: CHNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 401 Fourth-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (2-4 Credits)

Extensive reading and colloquial/formal usage building are major emphases of the course, while speaking and writing are incorporated in class discussions, oral reports, and essay assignments.
Prerequisite for CHNS 401: CHNS 302 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 402 Fourth-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (2-4 Credits)

Extensive reading and colloquial/formal usage building are major emphases of the course, while speaking and writing are incorporated in class discussions, oral reports, and essay assignments.
Prerequisite for CHNS 401: CHNS 302 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

ENGL 119 World Literature (4 Credits)

Examines texts written in English and/or in translation from a variety of national traditions within a global context. Focus will vary with instructor, but may include novels (Beowulf, Things Fall Apart), films (Rashomon, Persepolis), poetry, and drama (The Peony Pavilion, The Swamp-Dwellers).

ENGL 216 Poetry East-West (4 Credits)

Comparative study of poetry from the Chinese, European, and American traditions. Attentive reading of poems from all periods with the aim of exploring similarities and differences between these two traditions. Introduction to theoretical disputes about what poetry is or does in both traditions and to issues in translation.

HIST 141 Classical Asian Civilizations: China and Japan (4 Credits)

Study of the Chinese and Japanese civilizations before the encounter between East and West, and these civilizations’ philosophical, material, and institutional contributions to world culture. 
Offered as needed.

HIST 142 Modern Asian Civilizations: China and Japan (4 Credits)

China and Japan are traced from the height of empire through their respective transformations under the impact of Western imperialism to the present day. 
Offered as needed.

HIST 240 Modern China (4 Credits)

Survey of China from the founding of the Qing empire to the present: the zenith of the imperial-bureaucratic state in the 18th century; China’s disintegration under the blows of Western aggression and internal rebellion; and the great political, social, and intellectual upheavals of the 20th century. 
Offered as needed.

HIST 242 Modern Japan (4 Credits)

How did Japan emerge from the ashes of World War II to become the world’s second-largest economy? The answer begins with feudal Japan’s disintegration under the impact of internal rebellion and Western imperialism, continues with Japan’s rise to imperialist and militarist power, and culminates with the postwar economic miracle. 
Offered as needed.

HIST 272 America and Asia (4 Credits)

China, Japan, and Southeast Asia are regions of vital strategic and economic concern to the United States. Examination of past and present friction and cooperation, prospects for future harmony, mutual perceptions, and Asian contributions to the making of America.

HIST 274 Vietnam (4 Credits)

Reconstruction of the era through films, popular music, and political and military strategy documents and social, economic, and political analysis made by contemporary writers. A special segment examines issues raised by the conflict and lessons learned for future military operations.

HIST 343 China since 1949 (4 Credits)

The People’s Republic of China has undertaken some of the most spectacular social experiments the world has ever witnessed. Examination of the P.R.C.’s revolutionary roots, ideological foundations, social and institutional innovations, and changing relationships with the United States and the former Soviet Union.

HIST 344 The Pacific Rim: Economic Dynamism and Challenge for America (4 Credits)

The Pacific Rim is the world’s most dynamic region, where the economic expansion of Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong is now matched by China and other Southeast Asian nations. Focus on historical and cultural sources of Asian economic strength, and opportunities and challenges presented to the United States. 
Offered as needed.

JPNS 101 First-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of first-year Japanese, designed for beginners who have no or little background. Students with previous exposure must take a placement test. Helps students acquire communication skills that are linguistically and culturally appropriate for a college student for everyday situations in Japan. Listening and speaking emphasized. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 102: JPNS 101 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 102 First-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of first-year Japanese, designed for beginners who have no or little background. Students with previous exposure must take a placement test. Helps students acquire communication skills that are linguistically and culturally appropriate for a college student for everyday situations in Japan. Listening and speaking emphasized. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 102: JPNS 101 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 201 Second-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of second-year Japanese, designed to help students expand their linguistic and cultural communicative competency. Conceptually complex sentence structures and hard-to-translate expressions are introduced, such as honorific and humble expressions and the passive-causative. Listening and speaking emphasized. Also introduces the basics of Japanese on computer (e-mailing and websites.) 
Prerequisite for JPNS 201: JPNS 102 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 202: JPNS 201 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 202 Second-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of second-year Japanese, designed to help students expand their linguistic and cultural communicative competency. Conceptually complex sentence structures and hard-to-translate expressions are introduced, such as honorific and humble expressions and the passive-causative. Listening and speaking emphasized. Also introduces the basics of Japanese on computer (e-mailing and websites.) 
Prerequisite for JPNS 201: JPNS 102 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 202: JPNS 201 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 301 Third-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of third-year Japanese. Organized around reading materials, and helps students build substantial reading and writing skills. Through class discussions conducted in Japanese on the readings, students develop skills to comprehend written and spoken opinions and to express abstract ideas. Students also learn to use Japanese dictionaries effectively. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 301: JPNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 302: JPNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 302 Third-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of third-year Japanese. Organized around reading materials, and helps students build substantial reading and writing skills. Through class discussions conducted in Japanese on the readings, students develop skills to comprehend written and spoken opinions and to express abstract ideas. Students also learn to use Japanese dictionaries effectively. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 301: JPNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 302: JPNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 401 Fourth-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of fourth-year Japanese. Organized around Japanese reading materials in a wide range of genres and styles. Students learn to read effectively and precisely on various conceptual matters and opinions. Class discussions conducted in Japanese on the course readings help students expand their skills to orally communicate intellectually sophisticated matters. 
Prerequisite: JPNS 302 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 402 Fourth-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of fourth-year Japanese. Organized around Japanese reading materials in a wide range of genres and styles. Students learn to read effectively and precisely on various conceptual matters and opinions. Class discussions conducted in Japanese on the course readings help students expand their skills to orally communicate intellectually sophisticated matters. 
Prerequisite: JPNS 302 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 410 Advanced Japanese (3 Credits)

Advanced Japanese for students who come back from study abroad in Japan. Designed to help students integrate their experiences abroad into their academic interests. Readings chosen based on students’ individual interests. Students learn to read effectively and precisely, and to orally and visually present their individual projects in Japanese. 
Prerequisite: Study abroad in Japan for at least one semester. 
Offered as needed. 
Numeric grade only.

PHIL 102 Introduction to Chinese Philosophy (4 Credits)

An introduction to Chinese philosophy. Readings selected mainly from Confucian, Taoist, and Buddhist traditions. No prior acquaintance with Chinese literature or philosophy will be presupposed.

PHIL 160 Introductory Topics in Philosophy (3-4 Credits)

Study of selected topics, movements, authors, or works in philosophy chosen to reflect student interest and instructor availability. May be repeated for degree credit, given different topics, for a maximum of 8 credits. 
Offered as needed.

PHIL 301 Chinese Buddhism (4 Credits)

Study of Chinese Buddhist philosophy. The main focus is on the school known as Chan (pronounced “Zen” in Japanese), but other Chinese Buddhist schools such as the Three Treatises, Consciousness-Only, Tiantai, Huayan, and Pure Land will be discussed as well.
Offered every third year.

PHIL 302 Daoism (4 Credits)

Study of Daoist (Taoist) philosophy. Classical Daoist texts such as Daode Jing (Tao Te Ching) and Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu), as well as Neo-Daoist commentaries and contemporary interpretations of Daoist classics. 
Offered every third year.

PHIL 303 Confucianism (4 Credits)

Study of classical Confucianism. Readings include Confucian classics such as Confucius’ Analects, The Book of Mencius, and Xunzi (Hsün Tzu), as well as contemporary interpretations of classical Confucianism. 
Offered every third year.

PHIL 360 Advanced Topics in Philosophy (3-4 Credits)

Advanced study of selected topics, movements, authors, or works in philosophy chosen to reflect student interest and instructor availability. May be repeated for degree credit, for a maximum of 12 credits, given a different topic.
Prerequisite: one philosophy course or by permission.

POLI 332 Politics of Japan and Korea (4 Credits)

An introduction to the political systems of Japan, South Korea and North Korea. Topics include political institutions, party systems, electoral politics of Japan and South Korea, social policy, political economy, foreign policy, and the broader role of all three countries in East Asian regionalism. 
Prerequisite: A Comparative Politics or International Relations course.

POLI 462 Advanced Seminar in Comparative Politics (4 Credits)

Topics are announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for degree credit, provided sections are in different topics. 
Prerequisite: any Comparative Politics or International Relations course.

POLI 464 Advanced Seminar in International Relations (4 Credits)

Topics are announced in the Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for degree credit, provided sections are in different topics. 
Prerequisite: Any Comparative Politics or International Relations course.

REL 125 Introduction to World Religions (4 Credits)

By studying major religious traditions of the world, students will consider how religious traditions guide the way people live their lives in an ever increasingly diverse and religiously pluralistic world. Investigations will include both historical studies and the writings of religious traditions.

REL 233 Buddhisms (4 Credits)

Considers the variety of ways that Buddhists have engaged with the “three jewels” of Buddhism: the Buddha, the Dharma (the teaching), and the Sangha (the Buddhist community). Examination of doctrine, practice, and culture in different parts of the Buddhist world in a variety of historical periods. 
Numeric grade only.
Offered in alternate years

REL 292 Sacred Life-stories in Asian Religious Traditions (4 Credits)

Sacred life-stories told in the form of biographies, hagiographies, or autobiographies offer their audiences—both historical and present-day readers—critical resources for understanding and interpreting religious worlds. Consists of a close reading of a broad range of life-stories from Buddhist, Hindu, and Chinese religious traditions. 
Offered in alternate years.

REL 325 Japanese Religion and Arts (3 Credits)

This course will give students the opportunity to read about Japanese religions and art forms, then visit religious settings and museums. Meanwhile, we will be visiting Japanese schools and given the opportunity to teach Japanese children and university students by engaging in discussions.

REL 330 Buddhist Literary Imaginations (4 Credits)

Examines how Buddhism is imagined and constructed in literary texts within and outside of Buddhist traditions. Readings from both Buddhist literature and modern fiction from around the world about Buddhism are used in order to explore Buddhist social, ethical, and historical realities. 
Prerequisite: sophomore standing or by permission. 
Offered in alternate years.

REL 411 Masterpieces of Asian Literature (4 Credits)

Classics from Asian literature that treat religious themes such as the Dhammapada, the Ramayana, the Tale of Genji, and the Sound of the Wave. Major focus on Indian and Japanese literature. 
Offered as needed.

SOAN 256 Japanese Society and Culture (4 Credits)

Introduction to the main aspects of Japanese society and culture, with an aim for an in-depth understanding of Japanese social and cultural life. Focus on central themes and issues that characterize contemporary Japanese society, including work, family, gender, cultural identity, and the impact of globalization. 
Prerequisite: one or more SOAN or AST (excluding language) course or by permission. 
Offered as needed.

Courses taken through First-Year Seminars, the Johnston Center, study abroad, or other accredited institutions may, with the permission of the Asian Studies Program, fulfill requirements of the Asian studies major and minor.

Course Descriptions (AST)

AST 111 Introduction to Chinese Literature (4 Credits)

Literature from a variety of genres and periods selected to introduce students to the richness of a 2,000-year-old Chinese literary tradition. Special attention to developing critical and analytical skills.

AST 120 Chinese/Japanese Calligraphy (4 Credits)

Chinese and Japanese characters as an art form, from basic strokes to more complex characters and various styles. Students learn traditional methods of writing calligraphy using brush and ink. Emphasis on Japanese or Chinese styles depends on instructor. No prior knowledge of Chinese or Japanese language is required. 

AST 160 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 211 Contemporary Chinese Film (4 Credits)

Examines the cinematic representations of social and cultural transformations of modern China. Topics include analysis of visual-aural spectacles and their aesthetic merits against a backdrop of materials that deal with historical conditions, ideological underpinnings, cultural practices, and social-economic transformation. 

AST 212 Modern Chinese Literature (4 Credits)

Designed to examine the development of modern Chinese literature. The primary goal of the course is to familiarize students with as much of the most representative literary works of 20th-century China as possible and branch out to topics in historical, sociological, and cultural studies. 
Offered in alternate years.

AST 240 Popular Culture of Japan (4 Credits)

This course examines contemporary Japanese popular culture to better understand Japanese social practices, values, and conceptualization of human relationships and the meaning of life. The topics examined include the mass media, food, and sports using Anime, manga, contemporary films, magazines, and advertisements.

AST 250 Service in Cambodia (2 Credits)

This travel course combines study of contemporary Cambodia and working on service projects. Service projects include such things as working at an elephant forest conservation project and teaching in schools. Field trips explore places like Phnom Penh, Angkor Temples, and the forest/jungle of Mondulkiri.

AST 260 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 360 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

AST 460 Topics in Asian Studies (2-4 Credits)

Topics of current interest in Asian Studies. Course content varies from term to term. May be repeated for degree credit, given a different topic, for a maximum of 8 credits.
Offered as needed.

Chinese (CHNS)

CHNS 101 Beginning Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Chinese language for students with no previous Chinese experience. Introduction to basic Chinese conversation and the Chinese writing system. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 102 Beginning Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Chinese language for students with no previous Chinese experience. Introduction to basic Chinese conversation and the Chinese writing system. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 201 Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Continuation of CHNS 101 and CHNS 102.
Prerequisite: CHNS 101 CHNS 102 or by permission. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 202 Intermediate Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Continuation of CHNS 101 and CHNS 102.
Prerequisite: CHNS 101 CHNS 102 or by permission. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 301 Third-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (4 Credits)

Intermediate to Advanced Level Chinese. Enables students to communicate ideas and opinions comfortably in Chinese and to advance their reading and writing abilities. Emphasis on authentic materials and task-based activities and exercises. Approximately 800 new words will be introduced. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 301: CHNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 302 Third-Year Chinese (mandarin) (4 Credits)

Intermediate to Advanced Level Chinese. Enables students to communicate ideas and opinions comfortably in Chinese and to advance their reading and writing abilities. Emphasis on authentic materials and task-based activities and exercises. Approximately 800 new words will be introduced. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 301: CHNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 401 Fourth-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (2-4 Credits)

Extensive reading and colloquial/formal usage building are major emphases of the course, while speaking and writing are incorporated in class discussions, oral reports, and essay assignments.
Prerequisite for CHNS 401: CHNS 302 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

CHNS 402 Fourth-Year Chinese (Mandarin) (2-4 Credits)

Extensive reading and colloquial/formal usage building are major emphases of the course, while speaking and writing are incorporated in class discussions, oral reports, and essay assignments.
Prerequisite for CHNS 401: CHNS 302 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for CHNS 302: CHNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

Japanese (JPNS)

JPNS 101 First-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of first-year Japanese, designed for beginners who have no or little background. Students with previous exposure must take a placement test. Helps students acquire communication skills that are linguistically and culturally appropriate for a college student for everyday situations in Japan. Listening and speaking emphasized. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 102: JPNS 101 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 102 First-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of first-year Japanese, designed for beginners who have no or little background. Students with previous exposure must take a placement test. Helps students acquire communication skills that are linguistically and culturally appropriate for a college student for everyday situations in Japan. Listening and speaking emphasized. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 102: JPNS 101 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 201 Second-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of second-year Japanese, designed to help students expand their linguistic and cultural communicative competency. Conceptually complex sentence structures and hard-to-translate expressions are introduced, such as honorific and humble expressions and the passive-causative. Listening and speaking emphasized. Also introduces the basics of Japanese on computer (e-mailing and websites.) 
Prerequisite for JPNS 201: JPNS 102 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 202: JPNS 201 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 202 Second-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of second-year Japanese, designed to help students expand their linguistic and cultural communicative competency. Conceptually complex sentence structures and hard-to-translate expressions are introduced, such as honorific and humble expressions and the passive-causative. Listening and speaking emphasized. Also introduces the basics of Japanese on computer (e-mailing and websites.) 
Prerequisite for JPNS 201: JPNS 102 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 202: JPNS 201 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 301 Third-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of third-year Japanese. Organized around reading materials, and helps students build substantial reading and writing skills. Through class discussions conducted in Japanese on the readings, students develop skills to comprehend written and spoken opinions and to express abstract ideas. Students also learn to use Japanese dictionaries effectively. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 301: JPNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 302: JPNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 302 Third-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of third-year Japanese. Organized around reading materials, and helps students build substantial reading and writing skills. Through class discussions conducted in Japanese on the readings, students develop skills to comprehend written and spoken opinions and to express abstract ideas. Students also learn to use Japanese dictionaries effectively. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 301: JPNS 202 or equivalent. 
Prerequisite for JPNS 302: JPNS 301 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 401 Fourth-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of fourth-year Japanese. Organized around Japanese reading materials in a wide range of genres and styles. Students learn to read effectively and precisely on various conceptual matters and opinions. Class discussions conducted in Japanese on the course readings help students expand their skills to orally communicate intellectually sophisticated matters. 
Prerequisite: JPNS 302 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 402 Fourth-Year Modern Japanese (4 Credits)

First/second semester of fourth-year Japanese. Organized around Japanese reading materials in a wide range of genres and styles. Students learn to read effectively and precisely on various conceptual matters and opinions. Class discussions conducted in Japanese on the course readings help students expand their skills to orally communicate intellectually sophisticated matters. 
Prerequisite: JPNS 302 or equivalent. 
Numeric grade only.

JPNS 410 Advanced Japanese (3 Credits)

Advanced Japanese for students who come back from study abroad in Japan. Designed to help students integrate their experiences abroad into their academic interests. Readings chosen based on students’ individual interests. Students learn to read effectively and precisely, and to orally and visually present their individual projects in Japanese. 
Prerequisite: Study abroad in Japan for at least one semester. 
Offered as needed. 
Numeric grade only.