During an earthquake, the actual movement of the ground is seldom the direct cause of death or injury. Most casualties result from falling objects and debris. Earthquake shock waves can shake damage or demolish buildings and other structures. Make sure to keep heavy objects away from your bed and be sure to use heavy enough hangers when putting pictures or other items on the wall. The following rules will help you survive:
During an Earthquake:
- Remain calm. Think through any action you take. Calm others.
- If indoors, watch for flying glass, falling plaster, bricks, light fixtures and other objects. Stay clear of high bookcases, shelves and other furniture, which might slide or topple, staying clear of windows and mirrors.
- If you are in danger, get under a table, desk or bed, or find a corner away from any windows. Usually it is best not to run immediately outside, but to move outside quickly once the shaking has stopped.
- If you are in a classroom area, get under a desk. Do not dash for an exit, since stairways may be damaged or jammed with people. Remember power for elevators may fail at any time, even after the shaking has stopped.
- If you are outside, avoid high buildings, walls, power poles and other objects, which could fall. If possible, move to an open area, large parking lot or, lawn area away from all hazards. If you are in a car, stop in the safest place available, again, in an open area.
After an Earthquake:
- Check around you for persons with injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further injury.
- Check for fires or fire hazards.
- Wear shoes in all areas near debris or broken glass.
- Do not use matches, lighters, electrical switches or appliances or anything with a spark or flame until you are sure no gas leaks exist.
- Do not touch downed power lines or objects touched by the lines.
- Do not use your telephone except for genuine emergency calls.
- Do not go sightseeing. Keep streets clear for emergency vehicles.
- Be prepared for aftershocks. Although most of these are smaller than the main shock, some may be large enough to cause additional damage.
- Contact a member of the Residence Hall Staff for further instruction. If evacuation is deemed necessary, exit your hall and report to the designated Evacuation Assembly Area as instructed.