Dimensions of Wellness
Wellness is multidimensional, therefore it is not made up of just one concept, idea, or facet. The most commonly described sub-dimensions of wellness are:
1) Social Wellness
2) Spiritual Wellness
3) Intellectual Wellness
4) Physical Wellness
5) Occupational Wellness
6) Emotional Wellness
7) Environmental Wellness
8) Financial Wellness
9) Mental Wellness
10) Multicultural Wellness
Social Wellness includes the development of meaningful relationships, working within groups, and being able to give and receive support. It is having comfort and ease during work and leisure situations and communicating feelings and needs to others in an appropriate manner. It involves developing and building close friendships and intimacy, practicing empathy and effective listening, caring for others and for the common good, and allowing others to care for you.
To Improve Your Social Wellness:
• Practice self disclosure
• Get to know your personal needs and pursue things and people who
nurture those needs
• Contact and make a specific effort to talk to the people who are
supportive in your life
• Join a club or organization that interests you
Spiritual wellness includes seeking meaning and purpose in life, pursuing a fulfilling life, and contributing to the spiritual health of others. The process of incorporating spiritual wellness into one’s life can vary from attending church to practicing meditation. This process specifically involves looking within yourself to become more in touch with the spiritual dimensions of your life.
•A spiritual well person will have concrete answers to the questions Who am I? and What is meaningful in my life? Also, a spiritually well individual will attain a greater appreciation and wonderment for the world around him or her.
•You will know you are becoming spiritually well when
•Your actions become more consistent with your beliefs and values.
•You are able to tolerate the belief of others
•You will not feel untrue to yourself
The intellectual dimension of wellness involves engaging in creative and mentally stimulating activities, and accepting one’s self while seeking improvement. An intellectually well person uses the resources available to expand one's knowledge in improved skills along with expanding potential for sharing with others.
As you travel the wellness path, you will begin to realize that, intellectually:
•It’s better to stretch and challenge your mind with intellectual and creative pursuits than to become self-satisfied and unproductive.
•It’s better to identify potential problems and choose appropriate courses of action based on available information than to wait, worry, and contend with major concerns later.
Physical Wellness includes exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, caring for one’s body, and avoiding the use of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. Furthermore, this dimension of wellness entails taking responsibility and care for minor illnesses and also knowing when professional medical attention is needed.
Physically well individuals have the ability to apply their knowledge, motivation, commitment, behavior, self management, attitude, and skills toward achieving their personal fitness and health goals. By committing to the physical wellness lifestyle you will understand and appreciate the relationship between sound nutrition and how your body performs. The benefits of looking and feeling your best are immeasurable.
"Those who think they have no time for exercise will sooner or later have to find time for illness."
Tips to Becoming Physical Well
• Exercise at least 30 minutes a day
• Get consistent and adequate sleep
• Stay hydrated
• Control your meal portions
• Recognize early sign of illness
• Avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs
• Listen to your body – learn to recognize early signs of illness
Includes developing a balance between work and leisure as well as achieving and developing competence in the workplace. More specifically, preparing for work in which one will gain personal satisfaction and find enrichment in one's life through work. As you travel the wellness path, you'll begin to believe that - occupationally.
•It’s better to choose a career which is consistent with your personal values, interests, and beliefs than to select one that is unrewarding.
•It’s better to develop functional, transferable skills through structured involvement opportunities than to remain inactive and uninvolved.
Includes the ability to manage, express, and accept one’s feelings, coping with and solving problems, and managing stress. Emotional wellness includes the degree to which one feels positive and enthusiastic about oneself and life.
Tips for Becoming Emotionally Well:
•Spend time with friends and family discussing personal concerns
•Learn time management and other stress management techniques
Includes caring for one’s surrounding environment and seeking growth and sustainability therein.You don’t have to be a member of an organization to help; an individual can help by simply leading an environmentally conscious life.
• Financial wellness is an intricate balance of the mental, spiritual and physical aspects of money. This unique combination is an ideal to strive towards in our dealings with money.
• A financially well individual has an understanding of their financial situation and takes care of it in such a way that they are prepared for any financial changes.
• In order to maintain this balance we must be comfortable with where our money comes from and where our money is going.
Mental wellness can be influenced by:
Biological Factors: changes in the central nervous system, medication, illnesses and family history
Social Environment: losses, traumatic events, stress and low economic status
Mental Wellness is Promoted Through:
• Physical activity
• Good Nutrition
• Adequate Rest and Sleep
• Stress Reduction
• An Optimistic Attitude
• Optimal Medication Management
• Emotionally Enriched Environments
Maintaining mental wellness is an essential charge, both for us and for those who work and live around us.
Multi-Cultural Wellness includes the development of the former elements in a multi-cultural environment, as well as exploring and developing one’s identity through race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, ability, etc.