Immunizations prevent or reduce the likelihood of developing a disease. They should be part of your preventative health care.
The following is a list of immunizations required prior to entering the University of Redlands:
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
Outbreaks of measles, mumps and rubella still occur in the U.S. Two doses of the MMR vaccine will make sure you are immune to these diseases.
Varicella (Chicken Pox Vaccine)
The Chickenpox vaccine is the best way to prevent chickenpox. Vaccination not only protects vaccinated persons, it also reduces the risk for exposure in the community for persons unable to be vaccinated because of illness or other conditions, including those who may be at greater risk for severe disease. Students, whom have had chickenpox infection, do not need to obtain the vaccine.
Hepatitis B is a serious disease that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV is spread through contact with blood or other body fluids of an infected person. Hepatitis B vaccine is given as a series of 3 shots. This vaccine series gives long-term protection from HBV infection, possibly lifelong.
Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis
Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis are serious diseases caused by bacteria. Diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through cuts or wounds. Pertussis is an acute, infectious cough illness that remains endemic in the United States despite longstanding routine childhood pertussis vaccination. Immunity to pertussis wanes approximately 5-10 years after completion of childhood vaccination, leaving adolescents and adults susceptible to pertussis. Since the 1980s, the number of reported pertussis cases has steadily increased, especially among adolescents and adults. Replacing 1 dose of tetanus/diphtheria (Td) with one dose of tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (Tdap) will reduce the risk of contracting pertussis. For adolescents age 11-18, at least 5 years should have elapsed since the last dose of tetanus and diphtheria (Td) containing vaccine, prior to receiving tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (Tdap). Adults aged 19-64 years should receive a single dose of Tdap to replace a single dose of tetanus/diphtheria for active booster vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis if they received their last dose of Td >10 years
Certain college students are at increased risk for contracting the meningococcal disease, a potentially fatal bacterial infection commonly referred to as meningitis. Students living in residence halls are found to have a six-fold increased risk for the disease.
- What is meningococcal meningitis? Meningitis is rare. However, when contracted, this potentially fatal bacterial disease can lead to the swelling of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal column as well as severe and permanent disabilities, such as hearing loss, brain damage, seizures, limb amputation and even death.
- How is it spread? Meningococcal meningitis is spread through the air via respiratory secretions or close contact with an infected person. This can include coughing, sneezing, kissing or sharing items like utensils, cigarettes and drinking glasses.
- What are the symptoms? Symptoms of meningococcal meningitis often resemble the flu and can include high fever, severe headache, stiff neck, rash, nausea, vomiting, lethargy and confusion. The disease can strike quickly, with rapid progression over a six to twelve hour period.
- Who is at risk? Certain college students, particularly students who live in residence halls, have been found to have an increased risk for meningococcal meningitis. Other students can also consider vaccination to reduce their risk for the disease.
- Can meningitis be prevented? There is a safe and effective vaccine (Menactra) available to protect against four of the five most common strains of the disease. The vaccine provides protection for approximately ten years. As with any vaccine, vaccination against meningitis may not protect 100 percent of all susceptible individuals.
Tuberculosis (TB) Screening
TB is a disease caused by bacteria. The bacteria usually attack the lungs. However, TB bacteria can invade any part of the body including the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. All entering students are required to show proof of a negative TB screening test. Students with a positive screening test are required to show proof of a negative chest x-ray and/or proof of TB treatment.
Loma Linda University Center for Health Promotion International Travel Clinic offers travel vaccines based on the most recent information from the Center for Disease Control. The International Travel Clinic is open every Wednesday 1:30-4:00, no appointment necessary. Loma Linda University Center for Health Promotion is located on the southwest corner of Stewart and Anderson. For more information about the travel clinic and/or vaccine fees, please call 909-558-4594.
Note: If you have any questions regarding immunizations please contact the Student Health Center at (909) 748-8021 for further assistance.