James Q. Wilson 1931-2012
File photo, University of Redlands archives
Lessons of noted University alumnus James Q. Wilson recalled by friends, peers
The political scientist, famous for co-authoring the 1982 “Broken Windows” article in The Atlantic Monthly, died March 2. He was 80.
Friends and peers of James Q. Wilson remember the man who went to college “by accident” as one of the greatest minds to graduate from the University of Redlands.
James Quinn Wilson, born in Denver, Colo. May 27, 1931, grew up in Long Beach, Calif. He attended Jordan High School where he caught the attention of at least two people who would change his life—future wife Roberta Evans ’52, and a high school English teacher, Richard Crossan, who recognized his intellectual potential.
The March 5, 2012 U.S. News & World Report article “Remembering James Q. Wilson: A wise professor and exuberant cowboy,” quotes remarks written by Wilson detailing the importance of his relationship with Crossan.
“I was the first member of my family for as many generations as I could count who went to college and that by accident. My high school English teacher visited me the summer after I had graduated from his school. I was busy learning how to fix carburetors in my father's auto repair shop—I was going to be a mechanic. He said I should go to a nearby college (Redlands) and he had arranged admission. ‘When does it start?’ I asked. ‘In a month,’ he answered. ‘And they will give you a scholarship.’ So off I went.”
Crossan was one of three men Wilson said changed his life.
“The three men were these: Richard Crossan was my high school English teacher and debate coach who somehow saw potential in me. Robert Morlan taught me about politics at the University of Redlands. And Edward C. Banfield was my University of Chicago thesis supervisor and the best teacher I have ever known.”
University Trustee Richard Hunsaker ’52 attended both high school and college with Wilson, and remembers his concentrated focus on academics.
“He wasn’t into campus life. He was always the smartest guy in the room. He had a great curiosity and impressed people with his brilliance.”
Wilson’s college classmate, University Trustee Jess Senecal ’52, drove from Compton to attend the University and occasionally picked up Wilson in Long Beach and gave him a ride to campus.
He remembers Wilson questioning the law early on.
“We took a constitutional law course from Robert Morlan, and we were analyzing a Supreme Court case on the internment of the Japanese during the war. He (Wilson) was indicating his complete dissatisfaction with the outcome of the case, and wasn’t afraid to say it, because he knew it was wrong. But later he was vindicated when the Supreme Court overturned the ruling.”
Wilson’s ability to state his case led him to national debate championships in 1951 and 1952. He graduated from Redlands summa cum laude in 1952, and served three years as a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy before heading to the University of Chicago for his graduate work.
He became chairman of the government department at Harvard University in 1969, the same year the University of Redlands conferred upon him an honorary Doctor of Laws degree during the institution’s Founder’s Day ceremonies.
Wilson remained connected to the University through the following two decades, returning to campus twice as convocation speaker. In 1982, the University presented him the Alumni Jubilee Medallion as one of 75 alumni honored for the University’s 75th anniversary.
In 1988, Wilson delivered the commencement speech, “Habits of the Heart,” in which he shared his view of the benefits of college.
“The great benefit of college is not that it builds your character, much less that it helps you make money or find a mate. The great benefit is that it stretches and enlarges your mind and helps you see the larger world beyond yourself more clearly and more fully. You derive the true benefits of college, not from your ability to pass the law-school admission test, but from those occasions—I hope they have occurred to you—when you discover the intense and unique pleasures of intellectual excitement: When you feel yourself, after reading a poem, moved to a new level of self-awareness; when after conducting an experiment you say, ‘Aha! So that is how it works!; when after hearing a lecture on philosophy or history you say, ‘now I understand’ or ‘but that can’t be right—I must find out how things really are.’”
Wilson taught government and public policy at Harvard for 26 years, and also at UCLA, Pepperdine University, Boston College and the University of Chicago.
As a trusted adviser to Presidents Johnson, Nixon and Reagan he served in appointments including:
- Chairman of the White House Task Force on Crime, 1967
- Chairman of the Vice President’s Task Force on Order and Justice 1968, the same year he developed the proposed urban action program for Vice President Hubert Humphrey
- Chairman of the Committee on the University and the City (at Harvard University 1969), resulting in “The Wilson Report”
- A member of the National Advisory Council for Drug Abuse Prevention alongside Sammy Davis Jr. and Art Linkletter, appointed by President Richard Nixon
In 2003, President George W. Bush awarded Wilson the Presidential Medal of Freedom—the nation’s highest civil honor. An Aug. 3, 2003 Long Beach Press-Telegram article quoted Bush’s praise for Wilson as “(Wilson) may be the most influential political scientist in America since the White House was home to Professor Woodrow Wilson.”
Wilson wrote 17 books and nearly 100 articles for Harper’s, The Atlantic Monthly, New York Magazine, New York Times Sunday Magazine and others. But he is likely most well known for the “Broken Windows” article.
The 1982 article that Wilson co-authored with George Kelling promoted the idea of community policing and the theory that communities must address minor crimes that cause a sense of social disorder, such as broken windows and graffiti, to prevent larger crimes and more disorder. The theory was instituted in Boston and then by Rudy Giuliani when he was mayor of New York City. Both cities saw a drop in minor and major crime.
A Nov. 27, 1996 Los Angeles Times article states that William Bratton, former commissioner of the New York Police Department and former Los Angeles Chief of Police, never goes anywhere without a copy in his briefcase and has distributed to every command staff he has headed.
Former Redlands Chief of Police and Redlands alumnus Jim Bueermann '87 said anyone in policing who is paying attention knows about the broken windows theory.
“It is the idea that if you don’t attend to the small things, they become bigger problems.”
Bueermann, who instituted community policing in Redlands, said when he became chief, he called Wilson to ask him “a bunch of questions.”
“His work was instrumental to me, since I was a young impressionable police chief. It was foundational to the kind of work we were doing in Redlands—community policing,” Bueermann said.
James Q. Wilson in the news
- Conservatism's two faces (Los Angeles Times)
- The Rediscovery of Character (New York Times)
- James Q. Wilson dies at 80 (New York Times)
- Remembering James Q. Wilson (US News)
- Co-author of ‘broken windows’ theory dies (US News)
- James Q. Wilson, honored prophet (Washington Post)
- Appreciating James Q. Wilson (Huffington Post)
- James Q. Wilson, coauthor of the broken window theory (Boston Globe)
- James Q. Wilson’s Practical Humanity (The Chronicle of Higher Education)
- James Q. Wilson dies at 80 (Los Angeles Times)
- James Q. Wilson, scholar identified with ‘broken-windows’ theory of crime prevention, dies at 80 (Washington Post)
- The Scholar and the Rascal (New York Times Sunday Review)
- James Q. Wilson: A Happy American Life (Daylife)
- James Q. Wilson’s insight improved America (Education News)
- James Q. Wilson, social scientist, dies (SFGate)
- James Q. Wilson, social scientist who pioneered ‘broken windows’ policing, dies at 80 (Ottawa Citizen)
- James Q. Wilson, coauthor of the broken window theory (The Boston Globe)
- Obituary: James Q. Wilson / Pioneered 'broken windows' policing (Post-Gazette.com)
- James Wilson, co-creator of "broken window" policing, dies at 80 (KNAU)